The Museum of COSMONAUTICS.
The state Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky (GMIC) was opened in Kaluga on 3 October 1967, Thus he became the world’s first Museum devoted to its exposition about the history of space exploration. For over thirty years in the Museum of systematic work on the collection, preservation, scientific study, historical heritage in the field of history and practice of space research in our country and abroad.
The actual history of the Museum began in 1936 when the first anniversary after the death of the great Russian scientist, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. the founder of theoretical cosmonautics, the Creator of the cosmic philosophy, in his home in Kaluga was opened the memorial Museum in his name. This Museum, which is a real pearl of Russian culture from 1967, became a division of the Museum of the history of cosmonautics. The grave of the great Russian scientist with a monument above it is far from main building GMIC.
The initiative to create the Museum of cosmonautics in Kaluga was owned by the outstanding scientists of our time: Sergei Korolev, A. N. Tupolev, A. A. Blagonravov, I. P. Bardina, L. I. Sedov and others. the First stone in the Foundation of the future Museum was laid in june 1961 G. Gagarin, the construction of the Museum lasted from 1963 – 1967. The authors of the project of the Museum building, architects B. G. Barkhin, V. A. Strict, N. G. Orlova, K. D. Fomin, E. I. Kireev were awarded the State prize of the RSFSR in the field of architecture in 1968. It was the first building designed and built in our country, especially for a technical Museum.
To date, the State Order of the red banner of the Museum of cosmonautics. K. E. Tsiolkovsky is a large-scale exhibition on the history of development of Aeronautics, rocketry, the birth of the idea of space flight. the history of space exploration.
The house-Museum of K. E. Tsiolkovsky
In GMIC includes a House-Museum of K. E. Tsiolkovsky. the planetarium, the Museum-apartment of K. E. Tsiolkovsky in Borovsk. In addition, the scientific staff of the Museum developed a scientific concept and thematic plan of another branch of the Museum – house Museum of A. L. Chizhevsky. outstanding scientist, the founder of heliobiology, poet and artist who developed the ideas of K. E. Tsiolkovsky’s space philosophy.
Over the years the Museum has become a major research center, where great work is being done on the study of the creative heritage of K. E. Tsiolkovsky, Russian and foreign pioneers of rocket and space technology, history of rocketry and Astronautics, dissemination of the idea of space exploration. In 1977, For large employment gains, the Museum was awarded the order of red banner of Labor. In 1979, the Museum acquired the status of a research institution, and in 1981 The decision of the Ministry of culture the Museum is the scientific-methodological center for the coordination of the activities of the museums space profile. In 1993 the Museum became one of the major cultural and educational institutions that have special public significance (Order of Minister of culture No. 208 dated 07. 04. 1993).
Today the Museum has the most complete in the country organized collection of Museum pieces on the history of Astronautics, most of which are unique. Among them the world’s first space Gagarin log book, genuine cabin space vehicles, process the images of many satellites and interplanetary stations, samples of the lunar soil, the genuine works of K. E. Tsiolkovsky, his manuscripts, documents and library, the archives of many scientists and specialists in the field of Astronautics. The Museum is a lot of research work. Since 1966 The Museum, in collaboration with academic, scientific and public organizations of the country are annually held Scientific Readings, devoted to the design and development of scientific heritage of K. E. Tsiolkovsky. According to the results of the Readings are annually published 10 collections of scientific Papers of the Readings.
The Museum has an extensive and varied contacts with colleagues abroad.
The Museum, its departments and branches are open daily, except Monday and last Friday of each month, no lunch breaks,