The history of the Russian space

At the science Museum in London opened a major exhibition “Cosmonauts: Birth of the space age”. It was to be the culmination of the cross year of Russia and great Britain, but now the British authorities have given guarantees for the return of Russian exhibits. Including artifacts that have never left the walls of private enterprises: the Soviet space ships, outfits, and archival documents. Tickets for the show sold out two months in advance.

This moment in London waiting for: when the world’s first woman astronaut will come to the machine in which it 52 years ago, spent almost three days, circling above the Earth.

“It’s such a faithful and reliable friend, by which without emotion could not be disregarded. And in the training center, when I meet him, every time I try to pet him and say “Hello!””, – says Valentina Tereshkova.

Spacecraft “Vostok-6” was never exported outside of Russia – like most of the exhibits of the exhibition dedicated to Soviet and Russian achievements in space exploration. A significant portion of what is now presented in the London Museum of science, and even Russia have seen a few.

Five-meter design – not simply space, but a real lunar vehicle that in the late 60-ies was to deliver on Lowerwage Soviet cosmonaut. The flight never took place, and was ready for the legendary Alexei Leonov. Behind shoulders it already had the world’s first spacewalk. Curator Doug Millard reveals another priceless artifact – a painting done by Leonov, when he returned aboard the ship.

“Alex had painted him after he returned from his space walk. It was very dangerous – he could not get back, and he had to relieve the pressure in his suit to squeeze into the hatch. The risk was very great, says Doug Millard. – Figure – sunrise, the way he saw in orbit. This is a unique work of art!”

150 exhibits of the exhibition tell about how in Russia embodied the dream of the famous Konstantin Tsiolkovsky – he devoted a separate stand with the drawings of the first missiles. Next – history of the outstanding designer Sergei Korolev, whose figure in the history of space exploration simply has no equal.

“The most important thing in this show for me is that it shows how science is merged with culture. People are used to divide them, but in Russia they were a single entity, so the space program there was so successful. Russians dreamed of space before on Earth. And they were there first” – says the Director of the science Museum of London Jan Blatchford.

The preparation of the exhibition took more than two years. Searches, coordination – all this was given to Russian and British organizers a hard time, especially against the backdrop of political differences. Just as in politics, competition in space exploration has existed for decades, and it’s still there. And at the same time, space projects, like no other, unite.

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