The history of cosmonautics

Space and Humanity

History of Astronautics – 098

The history of the space a number of times when on the road to further human exploration of outer space rose up high and seemingly insurmountable barriers. In 1961 the transition to weightlessness caused in perfectly healthy astronaut a painful condition similar to motion sickness. In 1966, after a three-week flight on the satellite “Cosmos-110” slightly alive returned to Earth two dogs. In 1970 it became clear that the meeting with Earth after 18-day stay in weightlessness is very difficult for humans. So there was a barrier of reparations, and the possibility of longer flights required further justification. In 1978, after a three-month flight is in the blood of an astronaut found atypical forms of erythrocytes, which suggests the appearance of weightlessness in a new generation of abnormal formed elements. In recent years, in connection with the implementation of the 7-8 series record-month flight appeared ideas about qualitatively new changes in the condition of the body in the postflight period, although not everyone agrees specialists.

Space medicine is constantly faced with the need to solve complex problems related to the singularity of influencing factors, environment and activities of the crew, maintaining their health and performance. If the implementation of the plans of manned colorattribute as scientific and human feat, and professionals working in the field of space medicine, can rightfully be considered a part of it.

On the most fundamental questions of safety and effectiveness of manned space flights in our country were obtained the study, found solutions, developed, tested and implemented the appropriate methods and tools. The results of these developments were the basis of life support systems, medical monitoring, and state management of astronauts in an orbital station, until the “Salyut-7” and stations of a new generation of “World”.

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