The state Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky (GMIC) was opened in Kaluga on 3 October 1967, Thus he became the world’s first Museum devoted to its exposition about the history of space exploration. For over thirty years in the Museum of systematic work on the collection, preservation, scientific study, historical heritage in the field of history and practice of space research in our country and abroad.
The actual history of the Museum began in 1936 when the first anniversary after the death of the great Russian scientist, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. the founder of theoretical cosmonautics, the Creator of the cosmic philosophy, in his home in Kaluga was opened the memorial Museum in his name. This Museum, which is a real pearl of Russian culture from 1967, became a division of the Museum of the history of cosmonautics. The grave of the great Russian scientist with a monument above it is far from main building GMIC.
The initiative to create the Museum of cosmonautics in Kaluga was owned by the outstanding scientists of our time: Sergei Korolev, A. N. Tupolev, A. A. Blagonravov, I. P. Bardina, L. I. Sedov and others. Continue reading
Periodic comet attracted by the Sun, sent to him, but pass due to the same sensitivity to the solar wind, which causes the surrounding cloud of dust and gases blown away from the Sun. People believe that the tiny particles of solar wind will impact more than large particles, but this assumption is wrong. If this were so, then how to explain the continued existence of the Asteroid Belt, which includes debris of any size is not affected, apparently, by the solar wind. The small object may lose velocity faster than the larger object because of differences in gravity, but if they are sensitive to solar wind, it occurs the same effect, – they are repelled equally. The comet, which (eventually) reach the Sun, with a very repeatable trajectory around the Sun, losing a lot of water vapor so that the ratio of substances in their composition is aligned at the expense of pushing away by the solar wind. In short, they lose their cover. They fly up with acceleration from the external space, but at this time do not change direction, going outside, and face (with the Sun). In fact, comets complete their orbits, coming nearer in the process, getting closer and closer to the Sun. Continue reading
The main problems during space flight are considered motion sickness, fatigue, dehydration, loss of appetite and back pain
The astronauts can perform on the International space station not more than six months. And for good reason.
The loss of muscle and bone mass in zero gravity during this time is so great that the continued presence in space for humans is not possible.
Future space tourists will not go through the same tough training as cosmonauts and astronauts – how flying can affect their health?
In an article published by the British medical journal, argues that the district doctors in British clinics need to be prepared for the fact that in the near future, their patients will begin to wonder whether their body to move space travel.
Only a handful of doctors have sufficient knowledge in the field of space medicine to give expert advice. Continue reading
Planet Earth, the Solar system . and all the stars visible to the naked eye are in the milky Way Galaxy . which is a spiral galaxy with a jumper with two distinct sleeves starting at the ends of the jumper.
This was confirmed in 2005 a space telescope named the Lyman Spitzer, which showed that the centre bar of our galaxy is larger than previously thought. Spiral galaxy barred spiral galaxy barred (“bar”) of bright stars emerging from the center and crossing the galaxy in the middle. Spiral branches in these galaxies begin at the ends of the crosspieces, whereas in normal spiral galaxies, they come directly from the kernel. Observations show that about two thirds of all spiral galaxies have a bar. According to existing hypotheses, the jumpers are centers of star formation, supporting the birth of stars in their centers. It is expected that through orbital resonance, they are passed through a gas of spiral branches. This mechanism provides a flow of building material for the birth of new stars. Milky Way along with the Andromeda galaxy (M31),Triangle (M33), and more than 40 smaller galaxies-satellites, form the Local Group of Galaxies, which, in turn, is part of the Virgo Supercluster. “Using infrared images from NASA Spitzer telescope allowed scientists to discover that the elegant spiral structure of the milky Way has only two prevailing sleeves from the ends of the Central bar of stars. Previously it was thought that our galaxy has four main hoses “. Continue reading
In technological terms, the human life is becoming more interesting: XXI century people can tolerate a lot of people couldn’t even conceive of at least two centuries ago. Fifty years have passed since the moment when man first flew into space – and now there is such a thing as space tourism. See with your own eyes on top of our planet is no longer something magical and unrealistic – the question is, what is the cost of space flight.
The man tightly on the Ground
Man and humanity as a community of individuals peculiar passion for travel, for change of place of residence. There are different opinions as to what are the roots of this passion. Romantics say about innate human curiosity, a constant desire to learn something new, to look beyond the horizon.
Rationalists believe that the desire for constant movement is an echo of the primitive instinct of survival. Primitive man, being the least protected in terms of wildlife and lack of civilization, was required to constantly move to avoid danger and to find new sources of food. Continue reading