Living history of the Soviet Astronautics
The copy of the diaries of one of the founders of the Soviet cosmonautics Vasily Pavlovich Mishin shared with the descendants of American designer, businessman
Rare cosmic rarity — the diaries of Soviet space technology designer Vasily Mishin returned to Russia. Seven years ago an American businessman Ross Perot bought his diaries of the author, and now, 7 years later, I decided to share them with the Russian public, passing a group of our scientists copy the relic. They translated the diaries presented today at the United rocket and space Corporation.
Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Hero of Socialist Labor Vasily Mishin took the helm of special design Bureau (OKB-1) after the death of Sergei Korolev in 1966, the year. He led a major space company until 1974. In the box of his victories — involvement in the successful launch of the first Intercontinental missile R-7 in August 1957, the launching into orbit the first artificial Earth satellite on 4 October 1957, the first manned flight into space on 12 April 1961.
Throughout his long life, Basil Pavlovice diaries. He recorded them in his attitude to technology is created, recorded meetings with colleagues, their approaches to possible solutions. Plenty of space in the diaries given to the search of the causes of disasters and accidents in space.
After retiring in 1974 as head of OKB-1 (now RSC Energia) Mishin was destroyed in his diaries only, as he himself expressed, the most “sensitive” information. All other entries in the 36 thick notebooks waiting in the wings to pass to the descendants. However, in the early 90’s the value of our scientific and technical achievements – everything that defined the meaning of life not only Vasily Pavlovich Mishin, but many thousands of his colleagues were questioned.
The history of our domestic cosmonautics in those years professionally interested mainly foreign researchers. Our sometimes barely scraped by.
Not to grovel and beg, in 1993, Mishin decided to support the family, putting in 1993 their diaries in the new York auction house “Sotheby’s”. In them was a living history of Soviet space exploration from 1960 to 1974.
Old notebook academician Mishin became one of the “pearls” “Sotheby’s”. About the events of those weeks in new York recounted in the book “notes of the rocketeer,” Charles Vick – the one who worked his whole life in the history of our cosmonautics. Charles Vick, making for Sotheby’s catalog, appreciated the importance of the diaries to the history of space exploration. By results of trades the diaries – along with other space attractions are more “tangible” character, has acquired for the Fund in its own name Ross Perot is a businessman who several times ran for President of the US as an independent candidate, is known for an unusual approach to many problems.
When the Russian rarities – in boxes and containers – has been in the Feather Fund, the businessman made an important statement. Said he bought a part of Russian history in order to preserve it for posterity. And ready to return to Russia when there ripe for the necessary conditions.
These conditions, it seems, now, seven years after the sale of the rarity. According to the owner, the diaries lived in his Fund in the same boxes in which he purchased it. Periodically to attempts by American historians, but, as a rule, quickly throwing this thing. To decrypt the diary is not enough to know Russian language, it was necessary to know the language of the domestic defense industry, entirely comprised of conventions, defaults and common abbreviations. In General, for U.S. researchers, the task was overwhelming.
It was not easy and our team, which got from Ross copies of the Mishin diaries. One of the leaders of this project became Dean of Aerospace faculty MAI Oleg Alifanov, worked for many years under the leadership of Vasily Mishin. With the active participation and assistance of the family Mishin diaries were transcribed and will soon appear in front of the readers.