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Astronomer Fyodor Bredikhin

Astronomer Fyodor Bredikhin was born in 1831 in the city of Nikolaev in the ancient noble family.

To 14 years Bredikhin was home-schooled – in the estate of her father Colonie near Kherson. Then was sent to boarding school at Richelieu Lyceum in Odessa, and four years later transferred to the Lyceum. However, studying in the lycée he did not like, and in 1851 he transferred to Moscow University physico-mathematical faculty.

Bredikhina was interested in physics, but, obeying the fashion of those years, he intended to follow in the footsteps of his father and uncle, that is certainly to enroll in the naval service or in the artillery. Only in the last year after practical work in the Observatory Bredikhin became interested in astronomy.

In 1862 he defended his master’s thesis “On the tails of comets”. This study as would be anticipated the main direction of its future work in astronomy.

In 1867 Professor Bredikhina was granted planning a business trip. Good knowledge of the language enabled him, while in Italy, to be familiar with the works of the Society of spectroscopy. Many Italian researchers have become his friends, including the famous discoverer of the “canals” of Mars the astronomer Schiaparelli. Continue reading

The Museum of COSMONAUTICS.

The state Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky (GMIC) was opened in Kaluga on 3 October 1967, Thus he became the world’s first Museum devoted to its exposition about the history of space exploration. For over thirty years in the Museum of systematic work on the collection, preservation, scientific study, historical heritage in the field of history and practice of space research in our country and abroad.

The actual history of the Museum began in 1936 when the first anniversary after the death of the great Russian scientist, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. the founder of theoretical cosmonautics, the Creator of the cosmic philosophy, in his home in Kaluga was opened the memorial Museum in his name. This Museum, which is a real pearl of Russian culture from 1967, became a division of the Museum of the history of cosmonautics. The grave of the great Russian scientist with a monument above it is far from main building GMIC.

The initiative to create the Museum of cosmonautics in Kaluga was owned by the outstanding scientists of our time: Sergei Korolev, A. N. Tupolev, A. A. Blagonravov, I. P. Bardina, L. I. Sedov and others. Continue reading

Do I need to be perfectly healthy to fly in space?

The main problems during space flight are considered motion sickness, fatigue, dehydration, loss of appetite and back pain

The astronauts can perform on the International space station not more than six months. And for good reason.

The loss of muscle and bone mass in zero gravity during this time is so great that the continued presence in space for humans is not possible.

Future space tourists will not go through the same tough training as cosmonauts and astronauts – how flying can affect their health?

In an article published by the British medical journal, argues that the district doctors in British clinics need to be prepared for the fact that in the near future, their patients will begin to wonder whether their body to move space travel.

Only a handful of doctors have sufficient knowledge in the field of space medicine to give expert advice. Continue reading

Solar system
It would seem that in the Universe can be arranged easier and more reliable than our Solar system . A crucial role is played by force of gravity; the motion…

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Cosmic radiation
One of the major negative biological factors of outer space, along with gravity, is radiation. But if the situation with the gravity on different bodies in the Solar system (e.g.…

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The structure of the comet hypothesis of the origin of comets
The dust and ion tails of comet Hale-BOPP But, in spite of research that freedom from prejudice was very slow: for example, Louis XIV was afraid of the comet of…

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