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New space ships of the USA and Russia

New ships Russia: Soyuz TMA-MS, Progress MS, PCA and PTK NP Rus.

New ships USA: Cygnus, Dragon, CST-100, Orion.

Existing ships of Russia: Progress M, Soyuz TMA-M.

Existing ships of the United States: no.

Signus together with Soyuz TMA-M

Soyuz TMA-MC is a Russian multi-seater spacecraft for flight in earth orbit.

New upgraded version of the spacecraft “Soyuz TMA-M”. The update will affect almost every system of manned spacecraft. The first launch is planned no earlier than 2016.

The main points of the program of modernization of the spacecraft:

the energy-conversion efficiency of solar cells, will be enhanced through the use of more efficient Photovoltaic cells;

the reliability of rendezvous and docking of spacecraft with the space station due to the change in engine installation of the mooring and orientation. Continue reading

The largest planet

People were engaged in agriculture in the stone age, 30 – 35 thousand years ago. This is evidenced by the notches on animal bones and rocks, cave paintings. This is, perhaps, the earliest “scientific notes”, in which the authors noted the different phases of the moon and count days and nights.

Monitored by our astronomical instruments, the universe consists by weight of about 76 percent hydrogen and 23 helium. Only slightly more than one percent accounts for all other elements of the periodic table.

It is estimated that the galaxy contains more than a hundred and twenty billion stars and to represent its enormous size, we will give one comparison: if the path from the Sun to Earth light travels in 8 minutes, the diameter of the galaxy it will for a hundred thousand years.

To show the progress made over half a century in the study of the Universe, astronomer Paul Couderc came to a startling comparison. Suppose that all known astronomy to 1900 area of the Universe displayed on the plan area of one square meter. Continue reading

Philae probe is similar to a cat?

Matt Taylor – the adventures of Rosetta

Caught the comet British astrophysicist Matt Taylor told the guests of the festival 360° about the Rosetta mission. about why study comets in General, and about their own role in this Grand project. We have selected a few interesting quotes from Kinot-speech for those who for some reason missed the lecture or watched the broadcast.

About comets in General

I will tell you about their history, about their view on what the Rosetta mission, because I am only a small part of a huge team. So why do we study comets?

This film, created by Polish Studio Platige Image jointly with ESA] was released shortly before docking of the probe Philae from the comet. Its task is to explain the purpose of our mission. We hope to learn more about the evolution of the Solar system – where did we come from? Therefore, it is important to understand how on Earth there was water.

Here’s what we know about comets after all observations. Their Central core is very small if to compare with the “tail” of dust and gas that the comet emits. Continue reading

Ninth planet in the Solar system
Scientists: the ninth planet in the Solar system — 500-ton piece of ice The ninth planet has a mass of 10 Earth masses and is moving strongly forward on a…

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The Future of humanity in space
Inessa Kozlovskaya of "Space flight: living in zero gravity" "Space flight: living in zero gravity". Gravity existing on Earth for millions of years, has contributed to the development of all…

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The Planet Jupiter
Jupiter (the astrological sign G) is a planet, average distance from Sun 5.2 a. E. (778,3 million km), the sidereal orbital period of 11.9 years period of rotation (cloud layer…

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