New ships Russia: Soyuz TMA-MS, Progress MS, PCA and PTK NP Rus.
New ships USA: Cygnus, Dragon, CST-100, Orion.
Existing ships of Russia: Progress M, Soyuz TMA-M.
Existing ships of the United States: no.
Signus together with Soyuz TMA-M
Soyuz TMA-MC is a Russian multi-seater spacecraft for flight in earth orbit.
New upgraded version of the spacecraft “Soyuz TMA-M”. The update will affect almost every system of manned spacecraft. The first launch is planned no earlier than 2016.
The main points of the program of modernization of the spacecraft:
the energy-conversion efficiency of solar cells, will be enhanced through the use of more efficient Photovoltaic cells;
the reliability of rendezvous and docking of spacecraft with the space station due to the change in engine installation of the mooring and orientation. Continue reading
Russian scientists in collaboration with foreign partners have classified the threats to the health of astronauts during long expeditions, including during the flight to Mars, said “Interfax-AVN” on Monday, the Deputy Director of the Institute of biomedical problems Russian Academy of Sciences Valery Bogomolov.
“Three years ago, with our international partners, we determined the risk matrix and the degree of our knowledge about these risks, the degree of protection. This list is big enough, it about 15 positions,” said Vladimir Bogomolov, commenting on sending to the ISS first annual expedition consisting of Russian Mikhail Kornienko and American astronaut Scott Kelly.
The annual flight of the astronauts arranged, in particular, in order to prepare future long interplanetary flights.
According to the scientist, it is not only about physiological parameters, for example, about the influence of space flight on the cardiovascular system, the motor area or sensory abilities.
“Takes into account such factors as the adequacy of medical supplies on Board the spacecraft for the relief of disease,” – said V. Bogomolov.
He recalled that the flight, e.g. to Mars and back will take more than 500 days. Continue reading
The first space tourist, American millionaire Dennis Tito
In the 20th century in space flew only professional cosmonauts and astronauts – it was their main job. However, sometimes there were also business trips into orbit. For example, in 1990 the Japanese broadcaster sent to the Mir station its journalist and previously in space flew on the Shuttle the employee “McDonnell Douglas”. In the new Millennium, to go beyond the atmosphere is possible and on their own, that is a tourist.
28 April 2001 the launch of the Russian spaceship “Union TM-32” with the cosmonauts T. Musabaev and Yuri Baturina and the first space tourist, American millionaire Dennis Tito on Board. April 30 was carried out docking with the International space station (ISS).
The crew of the “Union” held on the ISS for 6 days, during which the astronauts conducted scientific experiments, and tourist Tito was engaged in Photo and video shooting, kept a diary and picked up groceries for Breakfast, lunch and dinner for everybody on the ISS. On may 6 Russian cosmonauts Dennis returned to Earth.
Immediately after landing, the first space tourist said he was in heaven, and that is going to publish a book about his time in space. For flight in earth, orbiculate paid the Federal space Agency of Russia of 20 million US dollars. Continue reading