researchers

The bombardment of comets

Possibly, comets brought water to Earth

To see exactly what is in the comet, it is necessary to analyse its substance with the help of different high sensitive devices, bringing samples to Earth. But aboard a small spacecraft such devices are difficult to place, because the size of the station Stardust 1,7×0,7×0,7 meters – about the same size as the Desk. How to take a sample of matter, flying from the comet’s nucleus at high speed? Space standards Stardust was moving slowly relative to the comet, about one and a half times slower than fly around the Earth artificial satellites. However, even this speed was several times greater than that of the bullet, the station flew over one second 6 km from the Contact of dust particles with the container of solid material at this speed (more than 20 thousand km/h) would have led to their strongest heating and evaporating. The only way to mildly catch and stop these dust particles, turned out to be a trap made of unique material – aerogel, which was established in 1931, but the big distribution has not received. Continue reading

Astronomer Fyodor Bredikhin

Astronomer Fyodor Bredikhin was born in 1831 in the city of Nikolaev in the ancient noble family.

To 14 years Bredikhin was home-schooled – in the estate of her father Colonie near Kherson. Then was sent to boarding school at Richelieu Lyceum in Odessa, and four years later transferred to the Lyceum. However, studying in the lycée he did not like, and in 1851 he transferred to Moscow University physico-mathematical faculty.

Bredikhina was interested in physics, but, obeying the fashion of those years, he intended to follow in the footsteps of his father and uncle, that is certainly to enroll in the naval service or in the artillery. Only in the last year after practical work in the Observatory Bredikhin became interested in astronomy.

In 1862 he defended his master’s thesis “On the tails of comets”. This study as would be anticipated the main direction of its future work in astronomy.

In 1867 Professor Bredikhina was granted planning a business trip. Good knowledge of the language enabled him, while in Italy, to be familiar with the works of the Society of spectroscopy. Many Italian researchers have become his friends, including the famous discoverer of the “canals” of Mars the astronomer Schiaparelli. Continue reading

Do I need to be perfectly healthy to fly in space?

The main problems during space flight are considered motion sickness, fatigue, dehydration, loss of appetite and back pain

The astronauts can perform on the International space station not more than six months. And for good reason.

The loss of muscle and bone mass in zero gravity during this time is so great that the continued presence in space for humans is not possible.

Future space tourists will not go through the same tough training as cosmonauts and astronauts – how flying can affect their health?

In an article published by the British medical journal, argues that the district doctors in British clinics need to be prepared for the fact that in the near future, their patients will begin to wonder whether their body to move space travel.

Only a handful of doctors have sufficient knowledge in the field of space medicine to give expert advice. Continue reading

The largest planet
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Chronicles the life
Space flights cause a failure in the immune system of a person The results of two studies of NASA, recently published in the journal journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research…

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The history of the Russian space
At the science Museum in London opened a major exhibition "Cosmonauts: Birth of the space age". It was to be the culmination of the cross year of Russia and great…

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