New ships Russia: Soyuz TMA-MS, Progress MS, PCA and PTK NP Rus.
New ships USA: Cygnus, Dragon, CST-100, Orion.
Existing ships of Russia: Progress M, Soyuz TMA-M.
Existing ships of the United States: no.
Signus together with Soyuz TMA-M
Soyuz TMA-MC is a Russian multi-seater spacecraft for flight in earth orbit.
New upgraded version of the spacecraft “Soyuz TMA-M”. The update will affect almost every system of manned spacecraft. The first launch is planned no earlier than 2016.
The main points of the program of modernization of the spacecraft:
the energy-conversion efficiency of solar cells, will be enhanced through the use of more efficient Photovoltaic cells;
the reliability of rendezvous and docking of spacecraft with the space station due to the change in engine installation of the mooring and orientation. Continue reading
Flight to Mars, flight to Mars how far is Mars how to fly to Mars, mission duration to Mars
The planet Mars is one of the brightest objects in the night sky. Like a bright red star, it is visible to the naked eye in the night sky. Approximately every two years, Mars and Earth reach their closest point, called “opposition”. At this point, the distance between Mars and Earth is about 55 million kilometers. Almost every two years, the scientists take this opportunity to send to the red planet spacecraft. So how long does it take the spacecraft to reach Mars?
The total time of flight from Earth to Mars varies from 150 to 300 days, depending on the speed of launch, the position of the planets, the route and the amount of fuel on Board.
The first spacecraft to reach Mars was Mariner 4. The device was launched on 28 November 1964. On Mars he arrived on 14 July 1965, where he successfully made a series of 21 Photos. Continue reading
The organizers of the flight of the Russian truck “Progress MS” for the first time ran it with the help of satellite repeater
Several new Russian technology has been rolled out to the launch of a new Russian cargo ship “Progress MS” to the International space station. Apart from the fact that the ship itself and many of its systems have been tested in space flight for the first time, in a new way and passed the session with Earth. This was done through the satellite-retransmitter.
A historic event occurred on Monday, December 21. Launch vehicle (LV) “Soyuz-2.1 a” with the “MS Progress” was launched from pad № 31 Baikonur cosmodrome on 21 December at 11.44 MSK with 2.5 tons of various cargoes for the ISS.
– We used the satellite during the first cycle of flight, – says Deputy head of the scientific and technical centre of space-Rocket Corporation “Energy” Igor BRODSKY . Approximately 10 minutes after separation from the third stage of the rocket the ship made a turn to build orientation on the spacecraft “Luch-5B”, located on the geostationary orbit. Prior to this flight, the communication with the ships was carried out using only ground points, located on the territory of Russia “. Continue reading