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New space ships of the USA and Russia

New ships Russia: Soyuz TMA-MS, Progress MS, PCA and PTK NP Rus.

New ships USA: Cygnus, Dragon, CST-100, Orion.

Existing ships of Russia: Progress M, Soyuz TMA-M.

Existing ships of the United States: no.

Signus together with Soyuz TMA-M

Soyuz TMA-MC is a Russian multi-seater spacecraft for flight in earth orbit.

New upgraded version of the spacecraft “Soyuz TMA-M”. The update will affect almost every system of manned spacecraft. The first launch is planned no earlier than 2016.

The main points of the program of modernization of the spacecraft:

the energy-conversion efficiency of solar cells, will be enhanced through the use of more efficient Photovoltaic cells;

the reliability of rendezvous and docking of spacecraft with the space station due to the change in engine installation of the mooring and orientation. Continue reading

The Future of humanity in space

Inessa Kozlovskaya of “Space flight: living in zero gravity”

“Space flight: living in zero gravity”.

Gravity existing on Earth for millions of years, has contributed to the development of all life on Earth organisms and invade their system of life as a factor contributing to their successful functioning in the gravitational field of the Earth. Opening up opportunities to systematically study the impact of eliminating gravity, spaceflight facilitated the accumulation of information and facts that contributed to the development of the theory on the role and place of gravitational mechanisms in the various body systems and the development of a new physiological science — gravitational physiology.The most gravity-dependent system of the body is the propulsion system, in which gravity has played such an important role that today we have the right to determine its evolution as the evolution of the struggle of living organisms with gravity wrestling success ended in mammals the development of a strong skeleton, strong muscular system, management systems movements, and information systems able to ensure the perfection of movement in complex conditions of the gravitational field and its izmeneny. Continue reading

Long space flights

Russian scientists in collaboration with foreign partners have classified the threats to the health of astronauts during long expeditions, including during the flight to Mars, said “Interfax-AVN” on Monday, the Deputy Director of the Institute of biomedical problems Russian Academy of Sciences Valery Bogomolov.

“Three years ago, with our international partners, we determined the risk matrix and the degree of our knowledge about these risks, the degree of protection. This list is big enough, it about 15 positions,” said Vladimir Bogomolov, commenting on sending to the ISS first annual expedition consisting of Russian Mikhail Kornienko and American astronaut Scott Kelly.

The annual flight of the astronauts arranged, in particular, in order to prepare future long interplanetary flights.

According to the scientist, it is not only about physiological parameters, for example, about the influence of space flight on the cardiovascular system, the motor area or sensory abilities.

“Takes into account such factors as the adequacy of medical supplies on Board the spacecraft for the relief of disease,” – said V. Bogomolov.

He recalled that the flight, e.g. to Mars and back will take more than 500 days. Continue reading

The history of the Russian space
At the science Museum in London opened a major exhibition "Cosmonauts: Birth of the space age". It was to be the culmination of the cross year of Russia and great…

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The largest planet of the Solar system
The planet, which attracts the attention of scientists and astronomers, no less than Mars, is the largest planet in the Solar system and part-time older brother the rest of the…

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Flight to Mars
Russia will fly into space on a nuclear engine. Go work on the creation of such a transport and energy module. This was stated by the head of Roscosmos Vladimir…

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