The state Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky (GMIC) was opened in Kaluga on 3 October 1967, Thus he became the world’s first Museum devoted to its exposition about the history of space exploration. For over thirty years in the Museum of systematic work on the collection, preservation, scientific study, historical heritage in the field of history and practice of space research in our country and abroad.
The actual history of the Museum began in 1936 when the first anniversary after the death of the great Russian scientist, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. the founder of theoretical cosmonautics, the Creator of the cosmic philosophy, in his home in Kaluga was opened the memorial Museum in his name. This Museum, which is a real pearl of Russian culture from 1967, became a division of the Museum of the history of cosmonautics. The grave of the great Russian scientist with a monument above it is far from main building GMIC.
The initiative to create the Museum of cosmonautics in Kaluga was owned by the outstanding scientists of our time: Sergei Korolev, A. N. Tupolev, A. A. Blagonravov, I. P. Bardina, L. I. Sedov and others. Continue reading
The copy of the diaries of one of the founders of the Soviet cosmonautics Vasily Pavlovich Mishin shared with the descendants of American designer, businessman
Rare cosmic rarity — the diaries of Soviet space technology designer Vasily Mishin returned to Russia. Seven years ago an American businessman Ross Perot bought his diaries of the author, and now, 7 years later, I decided to share them with the Russian public, passing a group of our scientists copy the relic. They translated the diaries presented today at the United rocket and space Corporation.
Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Hero of Socialist Labor Vasily Mishin took the helm of special design Bureau (OKB-1) after the death of Sergei Korolev in 1966, the year. He led a major space company until 1974. In the box of his victories — involvement in the successful launch of the first Intercontinental missile R-7 in August 1957, the launching into orbit the first artificial Earth satellite on 4 October 1957, the first manned flight into space on 12 April 1961. Continue reading
Its diameter exceeds the corresponding figure of our star 1.3 thousand times the brightness 1 million times
Astronomers from France in the constellation of Centaurus saw one of the largest stars in the Universe belonging to the class of yellow hypergiants. At this point the star is called HR 5171A, it is removed from the Earth is 12 thousand light years.
Star HR 5171A in presenting scientific artist / ESA
Instruments of the VLT telescope helped astronomers to estimate the size and other parameters of the giant star HR 5171 A in the constellation of Centaurus, whose brightness is about a million times higher than that of our Sun, and find her “secretive” companion, said in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics.
“Observations of HR 5171 A has shown that this world is a neighbor, orbiting around it in close orbit, which is extremely surprised us. These stars are located to each other so close that they touch each other, and the whole system resembles a gigantic peanut walnut. This star-companion is interesting for us from the point of view that it could potentially “strip” the outer shell of a giant and thereby change the course of its evolution,” said Olivier Honestly from the Observatory of the côte d’azur (France). Continue reading