layers

The bombardment of comets

Possibly, comets brought water to Earth

To see exactly what is in the comet, it is necessary to analyse its substance with the help of different high sensitive devices, bringing samples to Earth. But aboard a small spacecraft such devices are difficult to place, because the size of the station Stardust 1,7×0,7×0,7 meters – about the same size as the Desk. How to take a sample of matter, flying from the comet’s nucleus at high speed? Space standards Stardust was moving slowly relative to the comet, about one and a half times slower than fly around the Earth artificial satellites. However, even this speed was several times greater than that of the bullet, the station flew over one second 6 km from the Contact of dust particles with the container of solid material at this speed (more than 20 thousand km/h) would have led to their strongest heating and evaporating. The only way to mildly catch and stop these dust particles, turned out to be a trap made of unique material – aerogel, which was established in 1931, but the big distribution has not received. Continue reading

Comet Catalina

In the new year period in December 2015 on the horizon we can observe the double-tailed comet Catalina C/2013 US10 Catalina.

Comet Catalina.

Information, data, interpretation of the significance of the comet Catalina.

Astronomical, cosmopolitisme and mythological content of the comet Catalina.

Comet C/2013 US10 Catalina.

Good news for all lovers of the starry sky — comet C/2013 US10 Catalina two weeks ago passed perihelion, the closest approach to the Sun, and now flies back to the depths of space. Until January 17, Catalina will approach closer and closer to the Ground, and in the first weeks of December, the sky in the middle latitudes it reaches the maximum sky brightness. This is a great chance to watch the comet live — even more so that the next time Catalina will be visible only after a few million years. Continue reading

Cosmic radiation

One of the major negative biological factors of outer space, along with gravity, is radiation. But if the situation with the gravity on different bodies in the Solar system (e.g. on the moon or Mars) will be better than the ISS, with radiation, things are more complicated.

On the origin of cosmic radiation is of two types. It consists of galactic cosmic rays (GCR) and heavy positively charged protons emanating from the Sun. These two types of radiation interact with each other. In the period of solar activity, the intensity of galactic rays decreases, and Vice versa. Our planet is protected from solar wind by the magnetic field. In spite of this, some of the charged particles reaches the atmosphere. The result is a phenomenon known as the Aurora Borealis. High-energy GCR almost stopped by the magnetosphere, but they do not reach the Earth’s surface in dangerous quantities due to its dense atmosphere. The orbit of the ISS is above the dense layers of the atmosphere, but inside the radiation belts of the Earth. Because of this, the level of space radiation on the station is much higher than on Earth, but substantially lower than in the open space. Its protective properties of the Earth’s atmosphere pribliziteljny 80-cm layer of lead. Continue reading

Chronicles the life
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Large planets of the Solar system
Lesson objectives: education – to deepen the students ' knowledge about the structure of the Solar system illustrate the difference in size of the planets (which is the reason for…

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Cosmic radiation
One of the major negative biological factors of outer space, along with gravity, is radiation. But if the situation with the gravity on different bodies in the Solar system (e.g.…

Continue reading →