The state Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky (GMIC) was opened in Kaluga on 3 October 1967, Thus he became the world’s first Museum devoted to its exposition about the history of space exploration. For over thirty years in the Museum of systematic work on the collection, preservation, scientific study, historical heritage in the field of history and practice of space research in our country and abroad.
The actual history of the Museum began in 1936 when the first anniversary after the death of the great Russian scientist, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. the founder of theoretical cosmonautics, the Creator of the cosmic philosophy, in his home in Kaluga was opened the memorial Museum in his name. This Museum, which is a real pearl of Russian culture from 1967, became a division of the Museum of the history of cosmonautics. The grave of the great Russian scientist with a monument above it is far from main building GMIC.
The initiative to create the Museum of cosmonautics in Kaluga was owned by the outstanding scientists of our time: Sergei Korolev, A. N. Tupolev, A. A. Blagonravov, I. P. Bardina, L. I. Sedov and others. Continue reading
They dived to the bottom of hell, under the thick neon-methane atmosphere of Pluto. Flew in the snow storms of ammonia, every second fearing a break in the dark about huge needles durable as steel, water ice. They managed to find an area where there are mountains. The mystery of Pluto has been solved at last — this planet belongs to our Solar system. She captured her during the journey of the Sun through the Galaxy.
Ivan Efremov “Andromeda”
SEARCH OF THE WANDERERS
Amateur astronomer William Herschel, discoverer of Uranus
The discovery of Pluto, which for a long time officially considered the ninth planet of the Solar system, has its own history. Before the advent of telescopes humanity were well known five celestial bodies called planets (from the Greek for “Wanderers”, “wandering”): mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn. During the four following centuries managed to open two more major planets, Uranus and Neptune. Continue reading
The long-awaited event that all of us space community was ten years old, happened in 19.03 Moscow time on 12 November 2014. It is difficult to imagine the average person that the operation occurred at a distance of more than 500 million kilometers from Earth!
For the first time in the history of space exploration module “Philae” the European space Academy reached the nucleus surface of comet 67P /Churyumov-Gerasimenko and landed.
This is the first and incredibly complex operation in the history of science, when the artificial origin sat down on the comet. The difficulties were in the fact that moving a celestial body has an unusual shape. The comet is named after its discoverers – the Soviet scientists-astronomers Klim Churyumov and Svetlana Gerasimenko in 1969.
Dossier of the comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko
This comet belongs to the short – period body- it rotates around the Sun at a considerable distance, and therefore has no tail, and its trajectory crosses the orbits of Jupiter and Mars. The trajectory of rotation of the comet 67P has changed, it is influenced by the proximity of Jupiter.
Scientists claim that this celestial body appeared about 4.5 billion years ago, its agreement measures approximately 3 by 5 km. the First Photographs of the comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko were made in March 2003, with the help of which scientists have been able to build a three-dimensional image. Continue reading