The state Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky (GMIC) was opened in Kaluga on 3 October 1967, Thus he became the world’s first Museum devoted to its exposition about the history of space exploration. For over thirty years in the Museum of systematic work on the collection, preservation, scientific study, historical heritage in the field of history and practice of space research in our country and abroad.
The actual history of the Museum began in 1936 when the first anniversary after the death of the great Russian scientist, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. the founder of theoretical cosmonautics, the Creator of the cosmic philosophy, in his home in Kaluga was opened the memorial Museum in his name. This Museum, which is a real pearl of Russian culture from 1967, became a division of the Museum of the history of cosmonautics. The grave of the great Russian scientist with a monument above it is far from main building GMIC.
The initiative to create the Museum of cosmonautics in Kaluga was owned by the outstanding scientists of our time: Sergei Korolev, A. N. Tupolev, A. A. Blagonravov, I. P. Bardina, L. I. Sedov and others. Continue reading
Inessa Kozlovskaya of “Space flight: living in zero gravity”
“Space flight: living in zero gravity”.
Gravity existing on Earth for millions of years, has contributed to the development of all life on Earth organisms and invade their system of life as a factor contributing to their successful functioning in the gravitational field of the Earth. Opening up opportunities to systematically study the impact of eliminating gravity, spaceflight facilitated the accumulation of information and facts that contributed to the development of the theory on the role and place of gravitational mechanisms in the various body systems and the development of a new physiological science — gravitational physiology.The most gravity-dependent system of the body is the propulsion system, in which gravity has played such an important role that today we have the right to determine its evolution as the evolution of the struggle of living organisms with gravity wrestling success ended in mammals the development of a strong skeleton, strong muscular system, management systems movements, and information systems able to ensure the perfection of movement in complex conditions of the gravitational field and its izmeneny. Continue reading
Russia will fly into space on a nuclear engine. Go work on the creation of such a transport and energy module. This was stated by the head of Roscosmos Vladimir Popovkin in a holiday interview to “Rossiyskaya Gazeta”. Today, the country celebrates the Day of cosmonautics. Popovkin said that it is a compact machine with a capacity of one megawatt, the modules will be used in the composition of the inter-orbital tugs and even for interplanetary missions. Mass no analogues in the world.
Yuri Yurievich, what do you think? How realistic is it to create such a setup? How it would function?
Karash: to Create it, of course, real. As far as using it for interplanetary flights – it makes sense. With regard to inter-orbital tug – it is like flying on Boeing-474 from Moscow to Kaluga. I need to use nuclear installation does not see. But if you work its action somewhere within the Earth, then it certainly makes sense. In General, the use of nuclear thrust for interplanetary missions is the most promising.Suffice it to say that the company estimates MSNW (it’s an American company that, together with universitatsstra Washington now developing the nuclear rocket engine), with the use of this type propulsion system flight to Mars and back can be placed in the interval from 30 to 90 days. Continue reading