At the science Museum in London opened a major exhibition “Cosmonauts: Birth of the space age”. It was to be the culmination of the cross year of Russia and great Britain, but now the British authorities have given guarantees for the return of Russian exhibits. Including artifacts that have never left the walls of private enterprises: the Soviet space ships, outfits, and archival documents. Tickets for the show sold out two months in advance.
This moment in London waiting for: when the world’s first woman astronaut will come to the machine in which it 52 years ago, spent almost three days, circling above the Earth.
“It’s such a faithful and reliable friend, by which without emotion could not be disregarded. And in the training center, when I meet him, every time I try to pet him and say “Hello!””, – says Valentina Tereshkova.
Spacecraft “Vostok-6” was never exported outside of Russia – like most of the exhibits of the exhibition dedicated to Soviet and Russian achievements in space exploration. A significant portion of what is now presented in the London Museum of science, and even Russia have seen a few. Continue reading
Astronomer Fyodor Bredikhin was born in 1831 in the city of Nikolaev in the ancient noble family.
To 14 years Bredikhin was home-schooled – in the estate of her father Colonie near Kherson. Then was sent to boarding school at Richelieu Lyceum in Odessa, and four years later transferred to the Lyceum. However, studying in the lycée he did not like, and in 1851 he transferred to Moscow University physico-mathematical faculty.
Bredikhina was interested in physics, but, obeying the fashion of those years, he intended to follow in the footsteps of his father and uncle, that is certainly to enroll in the naval service or in the artillery. Only in the last year after practical work in the Observatory Bredikhin became interested in astronomy.
In 1862 he defended his master’s thesis “On the tails of comets”. This study as would be anticipated the main direction of its future work in astronomy.
In 1867 Professor Bredikhina was granted planning a business trip. Good knowledge of the language enabled him, while in Italy, to be familiar with the works of the Society of spectroscopy. Many Italian researchers have become his friends, including the famous discoverer of the “canals” of Mars the astronomer Schiaparelli. Continue reading
New ships Russia: Soyuz TMA-MS, Progress MS, PCA and PTK NP Rus.
New ships USA: Cygnus, Dragon, CST-100, Orion.
Existing ships of Russia: Progress M, Soyuz TMA-M.
Existing ships of the United States: no.
Signus together with Soyuz TMA-M
Soyuz TMA-MC is a Russian multi-seater spacecraft for flight in earth orbit.
New upgraded version of the spacecraft “Soyuz TMA-M”. The update will affect almost every system of manned spacecraft. The first launch is planned no earlier than 2016.
The main points of the program of modernization of the spacecraft:
the energy-conversion efficiency of solar cells, will be enhanced through the use of more efficient Photovoltaic cells;
the reliability of rendezvous and docking of spacecraft with the space station due to the change in engine installation of the mooring and orientation. Continue reading