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At the end of last week in Ulyanovsk has started an interesting project Simple science. Its initiator is the teacher of UVAU HA Leonid Podymov.

— The main purpose of my lectures is to educate. I would like to tell Ulyanovsk on the latest and most interesting achievements in modern science into simple language so that it is clear even to the unprepared listener, — says the organizer of the “Simple science”.

Leonid physicist by education, so the project is focused mainly on natural Sciences. In particular, the first lecture was devoted to astronomy — or rather, cosmic distances and scale.

— Many people know that, for example, our Solar system is big. But it is actually an ordinary person is unlikely to adequately represent these scales and distances — simply because it is not something to compare. I tried using a few simple techniques to bring clarity in such comparisons, says the teacher.

So, during the speech he invited the audience to spend with him a few thought experiments.

— Let’s imagine that our planet has shrunk to the size of a standard basketball ball whose radius 12.2 centimeters. If we reduce all other razmery accordance with a given scale, we get the following illustrative figures: the Sun will be a ball with radius 13 meters. Continue reading

The largest planet of the Solar system

The planet, which attracts the attention of scientists and astronomers, no less than Mars, is the largest planet in the Solar system and part-time older brother the rest of the planets. because Jupiter formed first after the big Bang, and subsequently helped other planets, including Earth, formed. Scientists say that it is thanks to Jupiter, the globe exactly what it is.

Jupiter is the fifth planet in distance from the Sun, to fly from Earth to Jupiter to take two years. He has 67 satellites, which by its position and rotation resemble a system of planets orbiting around the Sun. One of these satellites is of the greatest interest because of the possibility of the existence on it of life is a satellite of Europe. Jupiter attracts attention not only by its size but by the size of its satellites, because the biggest satellite of the Solar system is a moon of Jupiter (Ganymede) which is covered by lots of craters.

In addition, the largest planet of the Solar system consists of gas and liquid and there is absolutely no solid surface. The gas that makes up a planet by composition resembles the structure of the Sun. Continue reading

Ninth planet in the Solar system

Scientists: the ninth planet in the Solar system — 500-ton piece of ice

The ninth planet has a mass of 10 Earth masses and is moving strongly forward on a bizarre elliptical orbit around a hot star. …The discoverers of the planet are unable to observe firsthand the ninth element of the Solar system, but scientists using mathematical and computer simulation calculated the trajectory of the most distant planet.

Scientists have shown video of the new ninth planet of our galaxy

Yet due to the insufficient capabilities of optics, it is impossible to see this mysterious object. Astronomers still argue that the chaotic motion of some space objects in the Kuiper belt indicates the presence of “the ninth planet”.

New planet: scientists have uncovered details

“Ninth planet” — so scientists call this mysterious object, which has so far failed to see due to lack of opportunities of modern optics, according to “BBC Ukraine”. Continue reading

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