The bombardment of comets

Possibly, comets brought water to Earth

To see exactly what is in the comet, it is necessary to analyse its substance with the help of different high sensitive devices, bringing samples to Earth. But aboard a small spacecraft such devices are difficult to place, because the size of the station Stardust 1,7×0,7×0,7 meters – about the same size as the Desk. How to take a sample of matter, flying from the comet’s nucleus at high speed? Space standards Stardust was moving slowly relative to the comet, about one and a half times slower than fly around the Earth artificial satellites. However, even this speed was several times greater than that of the bullet, the station flew over one second 6 km from the Contact of dust particles with the container of solid material at this speed (more than 20 thousand km/h) would have led to their strongest heating and evaporating. The only way to mildly catch and stop these dust particles, turned out to be a trap made of unique material – aerogel, which was established in 1931, but the big distribution has not received. Continue reading

Periodic Comet

Periodic comet attracted by the Sun, sent to him, but pass due to the same sensitivity to the solar wind, which causes the surrounding cloud of dust and gases blown away from the Sun. People believe that the tiny particles of solar wind will impact more than large particles, but this assumption is wrong. If this were so, then how to explain the continued existence of the Asteroid Belt, which includes debris of any size is not affected, apparently, by the solar wind. The small object may lose velocity faster than the larger object because of differences in gravity, but if they are sensitive to solar wind, it occurs the same effect, – they are repelled equally. The comet, which (eventually) reach the Sun, with a very repeatable trajectory around the Sun, losing a lot of water vapor so that the ratio of substances in their composition is aligned at the expense of pushing away by the solar wind. In short, they lose their cover. They fly up with acceleration from the external space, but at this time do not change direction, going outside, and face (with the Sun). In fact, comets complete their orbits, coming nearer in the process, getting closer and closer to the Sun. Continue reading

Do I need to be perfectly healthy to fly in space?

The main problems during space flight are considered motion sickness, fatigue, dehydration, loss of appetite and back pain

The astronauts can perform on the International space station not more than six months. And for good reason.

The loss of muscle and bone mass in zero gravity during this time is so great that the continued presence in space for humans is not possible.

Future space tourists will not go through the same tough training as cosmonauts and astronauts – how flying can affect their health?

In an article published by the British medical journal, argues that the district doctors in British clinics need to be prepared for the fact that in the near future, their patients will begin to wonder whether their body to move space travel.

Only a handful of doctors have sufficient knowledge in the field of space medicine to give expert advice. Continue reading

Parade of planets
Star line-up. As you know, these days several planets in the solar system lined up in one line. This so-called parade of planets. In Irkutsk cosmic phenomenon, of course, interested…

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NASA and Boeing will create a super-heavy rocket
NASA and Boeing have agreed on joint creation of the carrier rocket heavy-lift Space Launch System (SLS) for manned expeditions beyond low earth orbit and transport cargo. SLS is being…

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The world day of aviation and cosmonautics
The history of the holiday There are achievements that humanity can be proud of. The conquest of space, no doubt, belongs to them. 12 April 1961 Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Alekseyevich…

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