The state Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky (GMIC) was opened in Kaluga on 3 October 1967, Thus he became the world’s first Museum devoted to its exposition about the history of space exploration. For over thirty years in the Museum of systematic work on the collection, preservation, scientific study, historical heritage in the field of history and practice of space research in our country and abroad.
The actual history of the Museum began in 1936 when the first anniversary after the death of the great Russian scientist, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. the founder of theoretical cosmonautics, the Creator of the cosmic philosophy, in his home in Kaluga was opened the memorial Museum in his name. This Museum, which is a real pearl of Russian culture from 1967, became a division of the Museum of the history of cosmonautics. The grave of the great Russian scientist with a monument above it is far from main building GMIC.
The initiative to create the Museum of cosmonautics in Kaluga was owned by the outstanding scientists of our time: Sergei Korolev, A. N. Tupolev, A. A. Blagonravov, I. P. Bardina, L. I. Sedov and others. Continue reading
In technological terms, the human life is becoming more interesting: XXI century people can tolerate a lot of people couldn’t even conceive of at least two centuries ago. Fifty years have passed since the moment when man first flew into space – and now there is such a thing as space tourism. See with your own eyes on top of our planet is no longer something magical and unrealistic – the question is, what is the cost of space flight.
The man tightly on the Ground
Man and humanity as a community of individuals peculiar passion for travel, for change of place of residence. There are different opinions as to what are the roots of this passion. Romantics say about innate human curiosity, a constant desire to learn something new, to look beyond the horizon.
Rationalists believe that the desire for constant movement is an echo of the primitive instinct of survival. Primitive man, being the least protected in terms of wildlife and lack of civilization, was required to constantly move to avoid danger and to find new sources of food. Continue reading
The first space tourist, American millionaire Dennis Tito
In the 20th century in space flew only professional cosmonauts and astronauts – it was their main job. However, sometimes there were also business trips into orbit. For example, in 1990 the Japanese broadcaster sent to the Mir station its journalist and previously in space flew on the Shuttle the employee “McDonnell Douglas”. In the new Millennium, to go beyond the atmosphere is possible and on their own, that is a tourist.
28 April 2001 the launch of the Russian spaceship “Union TM-32” with the cosmonauts T. Musabaev and Yuri Baturina and the first space tourist, American millionaire Dennis Tito on Board. April 30 was carried out docking with the International space station (ISS).
The crew of the “Union” held on the ISS for 6 days, during which the astronauts conducted scientific experiments, and tourist Tito was engaged in Photo and video shooting, kept a diary and picked up groceries for Breakfast, lunch and dinner for everybody on the ISS. On may 6 Russian cosmonauts Dennis returned to Earth.
Immediately after landing, the first space tourist said he was in heaven, and that is going to publish a book about his time in space. For flight in earth, orbiculate paid the Federal space Agency of Russia of 20 million US dollars. Continue reading