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Astronomer Fyodor Bredikhin

Astronomer Fyodor Bredikhin was born in 1831 in the city of Nikolaev in the ancient noble family.

To 14 years Bredikhin was home-schooled – in the estate of her father Colonie near Kherson. Then was sent to boarding school at Richelieu Lyceum in Odessa, and four years later transferred to the Lyceum. However, studying in the lycée he did not like, and in 1851 he transferred to Moscow University physico-mathematical faculty.

Bredikhina was interested in physics, but, obeying the fashion of those years, he intended to follow in the footsteps of his father and uncle, that is certainly to enroll in the naval service or in the artillery. Only in the last year after practical work in the Observatory Bredikhin became interested in astronomy.

In 1862 he defended his master’s thesis “On the tails of comets”. This study as would be anticipated the main direction of its future work in astronomy.

In 1867 Professor Bredikhina was granted planning a business trip. Good knowledge of the language enabled him, while in Italy, to be familiar with the works of the Society of spectroscopy. Many Italian researchers have become his friends, including the famous discoverer of the “canals” of Mars the astronomer Schiaparelli. Continue reading

The largest planet of the Solar system

The planet, which attracts the attention of scientists and astronomers, no less than Mars, is the largest planet in the Solar system and part-time older brother the rest of the planets. because Jupiter formed first after the big Bang, and subsequently helped other planets, including Earth, formed. Scientists say that it is thanks to Jupiter, the globe exactly what it is.

Jupiter is the fifth planet in distance from the Sun, to fly from Earth to Jupiter to take two years. He has 67 satellites, which by its position and rotation resemble a system of planets orbiting around the Sun. One of these satellites is of the greatest interest because of the possibility of the existence on it of life is a satellite of Europe. Jupiter attracts attention not only by its size but by the size of its satellites, because the biggest satellite of the Solar system is a moon of Jupiter (Ganymede) which is covered by lots of craters.

In addition, the largest planet of the Solar system consists of gas and liquid and there is absolutely no solid surface. The gas that makes up a planet by composition resembles the structure of the Sun. Continue reading

The history of cosmonautics

Space and Humanity

History of Astronautics – 098

The history of the space a number of times when on the road to further human exploration of outer space rose up high and seemingly insurmountable barriers. In 1961 the transition to weightlessness caused in perfectly healthy astronaut a painful condition similar to motion sickness. In 1966, after a three-week flight on the satellite “Cosmos-110” slightly alive returned to Earth two dogs. In 1970 it became clear that the meeting with Earth after 18-day stay in weightlessness is very difficult for humans. So there was a barrier of reparations, and the possibility of longer flights required further justification. In 1978, after a three-month flight is in the blood of an astronaut found atypical forms of erythrocytes, which suggests the appearance of weightlessness in a new generation of abnormal formed elements. In recent years, in connection with the implementation of the 7-8 series record-month flight appeared ideas about qualitatively new changes in the condition of the body in the postflight period, although not everyone agrees specialists. Continue reading

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