flight

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The bombardment of comets

Possibly, comets brought water to Earth

To see exactly what is in the comet, it is necessary to analyse its substance with the help of different high sensitive devices, bringing samples to Earth. But aboard a small spacecraft such devices are difficult to place, because the size of the station Stardust 1,7×0,7×0,7 meters – about the same size as the Desk. How to take a sample of matter, flying from the comet’s nucleus at high speed? Space standards Stardust was moving slowly relative to the comet, about one and a half times slower than fly around the Earth artificial satellites. However, even this speed was several times greater than that of the bullet, the station flew over one second 6 km from the Contact of dust particles with the container of solid material at this speed (more than 20 thousand km/h) would have led to their strongest heating and evaporating. The only way to mildly catch and stop these dust particles, turned out to be a trap made of unique material – aerogel, which was established in 1931, but the big distribution has not received. Continue reading

Chronicles the life

Space flights cause a failure in the immune system of a person

The results of two studies of NASA, recently published in the journal journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research suggest that spaceflight may cause temporary changes in the immune system of crew members who are long time on Board the International Space Station.

Data obtained at an early stage of one of the experiments showed that the distribution of immune cells in the blood of crew members during the flight remained relatively unchanged. However, they found that some cell functions were significantly reduced, while the activity of another cell type, on the contrary, increased. That is, in a sense, the immune system of crew members, it failed.

If the cell activity is suppressed, the immune system cannot adequately react to threats, which can lead to asymptomatic for the virus. If activity is increased, the immune system becomes too sensitive, which can lead to the development of allergic reactions and persistent rashes, as well as reported some of the crew members.

In another study, scientists analyzed blood plasma, measuring the concentration of cytokines – proteins that regulate the immune system. Continue reading

The history of the Russian space

At the science Museum in London opened a major exhibition “Cosmonauts: Birth of the space age”. It was to be the culmination of the cross year of Russia and great Britain, but now the British authorities have given guarantees for the return of Russian exhibits. Including artifacts that have never left the walls of private enterprises: the Soviet space ships, outfits, and archival documents. Tickets for the show sold out two months in advance.

This moment in London waiting for: when the world’s first woman astronaut will come to the machine in which it 52 years ago, spent almost three days, circling above the Earth.

“It’s such a faithful and reliable friend, by which without emotion could not be disregarded. And in the training center, when I meet him, every time I try to pet him and say “Hello!””, – says Valentina Tereshkova.

Spacecraft “Vostok-6” was never exported outside of Russia – like most of the exhibits of the exhibition dedicated to Soviet and Russian achievements in space exploration. A significant portion of what is now presented in the London Museum of science, and even Russia have seen a few. Continue reading

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Long space flights
Russian scientists in collaboration with foreign partners have classified the threats to the health of astronauts during long expeditions, including during the flight to Mars, said "Interfax-AVN" on Monday, the…

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Through thorns to the stars
Much does it cost to fly in space? Previously the space was the subject of dreams and the destiny of only the elect, now to experience weightlessness or take a…

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The Museum of COSMONAUTICS.
The state Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky (GMIC) was opened in Kaluga on 3 October 1967, Thus he became the world's first Museum devoted…

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