Possibly, comets brought water to Earth
To see exactly what is in the comet, it is necessary to analyse its substance with the help of different high sensitive devices, bringing samples to Earth. But aboard a small spacecraft such devices are difficult to place, because the size of the station Stardust 1,7×0,7×0,7 meters – about the same size as the Desk. How to take a sample of matter, flying from the comet’s nucleus at high speed? Space standards Stardust was moving slowly relative to the comet, about one and a half times slower than fly around the Earth artificial satellites. However, even this speed was several times greater than that of the bullet, the station flew over one second 6 km from the Contact of dust particles with the container of solid material at this speed (more than 20 thousand km/h) would have led to their strongest heating and evaporating. The only way to mildly catch and stop these dust particles, turned out to be a trap made of unique material – aerogel, which was established in 1931, but the big distribution has not received. Continue reading
Space flights cause a failure in the immune system of a person
The results of two studies of NASA, recently published in the journal journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research suggest that spaceflight may cause temporary changes in the immune system of crew members who are long time on Board the International Space Station.
Data obtained at an early stage of one of the experiments showed that the distribution of immune cells in the blood of crew members during the flight remained relatively unchanged. However, they found that some cell functions were significantly reduced, while the activity of another cell type, on the contrary, increased. That is, in a sense, the immune system of crew members, it failed.
If the cell activity is suppressed, the immune system cannot adequately react to threats, which can lead to asymptomatic for the virus. If activity is increased, the immune system becomes too sensitive, which can lead to the development of allergic reactions and persistent rashes, as well as reported some of the crew members.
In another study, scientists analyzed blood plasma, measuring the concentration of cytokines – proteins that regulate the immune system. Continue reading
Matt Taylor – the adventures of Rosetta
Caught the comet British astrophysicist Matt Taylor told the guests of the festival 360° about the Rosetta mission. about why study comets in General, and about their own role in this Grand project. We have selected a few interesting quotes from Kinot-speech for those who for some reason missed the lecture or watched the broadcast.
About comets in General
I will tell you about their history, about their view on what the Rosetta mission, because I am only a small part of a huge team. So why do we study comets?
This film, created by Polish Studio Platige Image jointly with ESA] was released shortly before docking of the probe Philae from the comet. Its task is to explain the purpose of our mission. We hope to learn more about the evolution of the Solar system – where did we come from? Therefore, it is important to understand how on Earth there was water.
Here’s what we know about comets after all observations. Their Central core is very small if to compare with the “tail” of dust and gas that the comet emits. Continue reading