Discoverer: named after Edmund Halley opening date: 1758 (first predicted perihelion) Alternate designations: comet Halley (Halley), 1P Orbital characteristics: Age: 2449400.5 (17 February 1994) Aphelion: 35.32.e. Perihelion: 0.586.e. The semi-major axis: 17, 8 and.e. The eccentricity repulsed: 0, 967 Orbital period: 75, 3 and the Inclination of the orbit to the Ecliptic plane: 162, 3 degrees Last perihelion: 9 February 1986 Next perihelion: 28 July 2061 g the Period of revolution around the Solar system: from of 74.4 to 79.2 years. The average value of 76 years. Thanks to a successful “visits” in 1986 to comet Halley spacecraft “VEGA-1 and VEGA-2” (USSR) Giotto (ESA), “Suisei” and “Sakigake” (Japan) scientists got the first pictures of the core and comprehensive information:
a summary of other presentations about the sky
“School of astronomy” – Observation – the basis of astronomy. Major achievements in space exploration. Observation of solar Eclipse on 1 August 2008. Our Galaxy Is. Continue reading
At the end of last week in Ulyanovsk has started an interesting project Simple science. Its initiator is the teacher of UVAU HA Leonid Podymov.
— The main purpose of my lectures is to educate. I would like to tell Ulyanovsk on the latest and most interesting achievements in modern science into simple language so that it is clear even to the unprepared listener, — says the organizer of the “Simple science”.
Leonid physicist by education, so the project is focused mainly on natural Sciences. In particular, the first lecture was devoted to astronomy — or rather, cosmic distances and scale.
— Many people know that, for example, our Solar system is big. But it is actually an ordinary person is unlikely to adequately represent these scales and distances — simply because it is not something to compare. I tried using a few simple techniques to bring clarity in such comparisons, says the teacher.
So, during the speech he invited the audience to spend with him a few thought experiments.
— Let’s imagine that our planet has shrunk to the size of a standard basketball ball whose radius 12.2 centimeters. If we reduce all other razmery accordance with a given scale, we get the following illustrative figures: the Sun will be a ball with radius 13 meters. Continue reading
People were engaged in agriculture in the stone age, 30 – 35 thousand years ago. This is evidenced by the notches on animal bones and rocks, cave paintings. This is, perhaps, the earliest “scientific notes”, in which the authors noted the different phases of the moon and count days and nights.
Monitored by our astronomical instruments, the universe consists by weight of about 76 percent hydrogen and 23 helium. Only slightly more than one percent accounts for all other elements of the periodic table.
It is estimated that the galaxy contains more than a hundred and twenty billion stars and to represent its enormous size, we will give one comparison: if the path from the Sun to Earth light travels in 8 minutes, the diameter of the galaxy it will for a hundred thousand years.
To show the progress made over half a century in the study of the Universe, astronomer Paul Couderc came to a startling comparison. Suppose that all known astronomy to 1900 area of the Universe displayed on the plan area of one square meter. Continue reading