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New space ships of the USA and Russia

New ships Russia: Soyuz TMA-MS, Progress MS, PCA and PTK NP Rus.

New ships USA: Cygnus, Dragon, CST-100, Orion.

Existing ships of Russia: Progress M, Soyuz TMA-M.

Existing ships of the United States: no.

Signus together with Soyuz TMA-M

Soyuz TMA-MC is a Russian multi-seater spacecraft for flight in earth orbit.

New upgraded version of the spacecraft “Soyuz TMA-M”. The update will affect almost every system of manned spacecraft. The first launch is planned no earlier than 2016.

The main points of the program of modernization of the spacecraft:

the energy-conversion efficiency of solar cells, will be enhanced through the use of more efficient Photovoltaic cells;

the reliability of rendezvous and docking of spacecraft with the space station due to the change in engine installation of the mooring and orientation. Continue reading

The first space tourist

The first space tourist, American millionaire Dennis Tito

In the 20th century in space flew only professional cosmonauts and astronauts – it was their main job. However, sometimes there were also business trips into orbit. For example, in 1990 the Japanese broadcaster sent to the Mir station its journalist and previously in space flew on the Shuttle the employee “McDonnell Douglas”. In the new Millennium, to go beyond the atmosphere is possible and on their own, that is a tourist.

28 April 2001 the launch of the Russian spaceship “Union TM-32” with the cosmonauts T. Musabaev and Yuri Baturina and the first space tourist, American millionaire Dennis Tito on Board. April 30 was carried out docking with the International space station (ISS).

The crew of the “Union” held on the ISS for 6 days, during which the astronauts conducted scientific experiments, and tourist Tito was engaged in Photo and video shooting, kept a diary and picked up groceries for Breakfast, lunch and dinner for everybody on the ISS. On may 6 Russian cosmonauts Dennis returned to Earth.

Immediately after landing, the first space tourist said he was in heaven, and that is going to publish a book about his time in space. For flight in earth, orbiculate paid the Federal space Agency of Russia of 20 million US dollars. Continue reading

Through thorns to the stars

Much does it cost to fly in space?

Previously the space was the subject of dreams and the destiny of only the elect, now to experience weightlessness or take a journey to the stars almost everyone can have money. To replace professional the orbit space tourism comes. Those wishing to become astronauts does not scare nor a long period of preflight preparation or high risk, so every year this extreme form of recreation is becoming increasingly popular .

Weightlessness for all

The “budget” option space tourism is a program of suborbital flights, in which the ship goes into orbit, the aircraft goes to higher altitude (about 100 km), which is a while, and then falls down, whereby passengers can enjoy all the delights of weightlessness.

Suborbital flights is the near future of space tourism, says academician of the Russian Academy of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky Alexander Zheleznyakov. According to him, now several companies (Space Adventures, Another day universe and Virgin Galactic – ed.) are developing aircraft with such a dynamics that one can say that in 2014 will begin to be more or less regular flights. Continue reading

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