Astronomer Fyodor Bredikhin

Astronomer Fyodor Bredikhin was born in 1831 in the city of Nikolaev in the ancient noble family.

To 14 years Bredikhin was home-schooled – in the estate of her father Colonie near Kherson. Then was sent to boarding school at Richelieu Lyceum in Odessa, and four years later transferred to the Lyceum. However, studying in the lycée he did not like, and in 1851 he transferred to Moscow University physico-mathematical faculty.

Bredikhina was interested in physics, but, obeying the fashion of those years, he intended to follow in the footsteps of his father and uncle, that is certainly to enroll in the naval service or in the artillery. Only in the last year after practical work in the Observatory Bredikhin became interested in astronomy.

In 1862 he defended his master’s thesis “On the tails of comets”. This study as would be anticipated the main direction of its future work in astronomy.

In 1867 Professor Bredikhina was granted planning a business trip. Good knowledge of the language enabled him, while in Italy, to be familiar with the works of the Society of spectroscopy. Many Italian researchers have become his friends, including the famous discoverer of the “canals” of Mars the astronomer Schiaparelli. Continue reading

New space ships of the USA and Russia

New ships Russia: Soyuz TMA-MS, Progress MS, PCA and PTK NP Rus.

New ships USA: Cygnus, Dragon, CST-100, Orion.

Existing ships of Russia: Progress M, Soyuz TMA-M.

Existing ships of the United States: no.

Signus together with Soyuz TMA-M

Soyuz TMA-MC is a Russian multi-seater spacecraft for flight in earth orbit.

New upgraded version of the spacecraft “Soyuz TMA-M”. The update will affect almost every system of manned spacecraft. The first launch is planned no earlier than 2016.

The main points of the program of modernization of the spacecraft:

the energy-conversion efficiency of solar cells, will be enhanced through the use of more efficient Photovoltaic cells;

the reliability of rendezvous and docking of spacecraft with the space station due to the change in engine installation of the mooring and orientation. Continue reading

Place the Solar system in our Galaxy

Planet Earth, the Solar system . and all the stars visible to the naked eye are in the milky Way Galaxy . which is a spiral galaxy with a jumper with two distinct sleeves starting at the ends of the jumper.

This was confirmed in 2005 a space telescope named the Lyman Spitzer, which showed that the centre bar of our galaxy is larger than previously thought. Spiral galaxy barred spiral galaxy barred (“bar”) of bright stars emerging from the center and crossing the galaxy in the middle. Spiral branches in these galaxies begin at the ends of the crosspieces, whereas in normal spiral galaxies, they come directly from the kernel. Observations show that about two thirds of all spiral galaxies have a bar. According to existing hypotheses, the jumpers are centers of star formation, supporting the birth of stars in their centers. It is expected that through orbital resonance, they are passed through a gas of spiral branches. This mechanism provides a flow of building material for the birth of new stars. Milky Way along with the Andromeda galaxy (M31),Triangle (M33), and more than 40 smaller galaxies-satellites, form the Local Group of Galaxies, which, in turn, is part of the Virgo Supercluster. “Using infrared images from NASA Spitzer telescope allowed scientists to discover that the elegant spiral structure of the milky Way has only two prevailing sleeves from the ends of the Central bar of stars. Previously it was thought that our galaxy has four main hoses “. Continue reading

The largest planet in the Solar system
Equatorial diameter of Jupiter 142600 km (11 times the diameter of the earth). The period of rotation of Jupiter is the shortest of all the planets - 9h. 50min. 30C.…

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The Future of humanity in space
Inessa Kozlovskaya of "Space flight: living in zero gravity" "Space flight: living in zero gravity". Gravity existing on Earth for millions of years, has contributed to the development of all…

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The bombardment of comets
Possibly, comets brought water to Earth To see exactly what is in the comet, it is necessary to analyse its substance with the help of different high sensitive devices, bringing…

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