The state Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky (GMIC) was opened in Kaluga on 3 October 1967, Thus he became the world’s first Museum devoted to its exposition about the history of space exploration. For over thirty years in the Museum of systematic work on the collection, preservation, scientific study, historical heritage in the field of history and practice of space research in our country and abroad.
The actual history of the Museum began in 1936 when the first anniversary after the death of the great Russian scientist, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. the founder of theoretical cosmonautics, the Creator of the cosmic philosophy, in his home in Kaluga was opened the memorial Museum in his name. This Museum, which is a real pearl of Russian culture from 1967, became a division of the Museum of the history of cosmonautics. The grave of the great Russian scientist with a monument above it is far from main building GMIC.
The initiative to create the Museum of cosmonautics in Kaluga was owned by the outstanding scientists of our time: Sergei Korolev, A. N. Tupolev, A. A. Blagonravov, I. P. Bardina, L. I. Sedov and others. Continue reading
Space and Humanity
History of Astronautics – 098
The history of the space a number of times when on the road to further human exploration of outer space rose up high and seemingly insurmountable barriers. In 1961 the transition to weightlessness caused in perfectly healthy astronaut a painful condition similar to motion sickness. In 1966, after a three-week flight on the satellite “Cosmos-110” slightly alive returned to Earth two dogs. In 1970 it became clear that the meeting with Earth after 18-day stay in weightlessness is very difficult for humans. So there was a barrier of reparations, and the possibility of longer flights required further justification. In 1978, after a three-month flight is in the blood of an astronaut found atypical forms of erythrocytes, which suggests the appearance of weightlessness in a new generation of abnormal formed elements. In recent years, in connection with the implementation of the 7-8 series record-month flight appeared ideas about qualitatively new changes in the condition of the body in the postflight period, although not everyone agrees specialists. Continue reading
Russia will fly into space on a nuclear engine. Go work on the creation of such a transport and energy module. This was stated by the head of Roscosmos Vladimir Popovkin in a holiday interview to “Rossiyskaya Gazeta”. Today, the country celebrates the Day of cosmonautics. Popovkin said that it is a compact machine with a capacity of one megawatt, the modules will be used in the composition of the inter-orbital tugs and even for interplanetary missions. Mass no analogues in the world.
Yuri Yurievich, what do you think? How realistic is it to create such a setup? How it would function?
Karash: to Create it, of course, real. As far as using it for interplanetary flights – it makes sense. With regard to inter-orbital tug – it is like flying on Boeing-474 from Moscow to Kaluga. I need to use nuclear installation does not see. But if you work its action somewhere within the Earth, then it certainly makes sense. In General, the use of nuclear thrust for interplanetary missions is the most promising.Suffice it to say that the company estimates MSNW (it’s an American company that, together with universitatsstra Washington now developing the nuclear rocket engine), with the use of this type propulsion system flight to Mars and back can be placed in the interval from 30 to 90 days. Continue reading