New ships Russia: Soyuz TMA-MS, Progress MS, PCA and PTK NP Rus.
New ships USA: Cygnus, Dragon, CST-100, Orion.
Existing ships of Russia: Progress M, Soyuz TMA-M.
Existing ships of the United States: no.
Signus together with Soyuz TMA-M
Soyuz TMA-MC is a Russian multi-seater spacecraft for flight in earth orbit.
New upgraded version of the spacecraft “Soyuz TMA-M”. The update will affect almost every system of manned spacecraft. The first launch is planned no earlier than 2016.
The main points of the program of modernization of the spacecraft:
the energy-conversion efficiency of solar cells, will be enhanced through the use of more efficient Photovoltaic cells;
the reliability of rendezvous and docking of spacecraft with the space station due to the change in engine installation of the mooring and orientation. Continue reading
The state Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky (GMIC) was opened in Kaluga on 3 October 1967, Thus he became the world’s first Museum devoted to its exposition about the history of space exploration. For over thirty years in the Museum of systematic work on the collection, preservation, scientific study, historical heritage in the field of history and practice of space research in our country and abroad.
The actual history of the Museum began in 1936 when the first anniversary after the death of the great Russian scientist, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. the founder of theoretical cosmonautics, the Creator of the cosmic philosophy, in his home in Kaluga was opened the memorial Museum in his name. This Museum, which is a real pearl of Russian culture from 1967, became a division of the Museum of the history of cosmonautics. The grave of the great Russian scientist with a monument above it is far from main building GMIC.
The initiative to create the Museum of cosmonautics in Kaluga was owned by the outstanding scientists of our time: Sergei Korolev, A. N. Tupolev, A. A. Blagonravov, I. P. Bardina, L. I. Sedov and others. Continue reading
Much does it cost to fly in space?
Previously the space was the subject of dreams and the destiny of only the elect, now to experience weightlessness or take a journey to the stars almost everyone can have money. To replace professional the orbit space tourism comes. Those wishing to become astronauts does not scare nor a long period of preflight preparation or high risk, so every year this extreme form of recreation is becoming increasingly popular .
Weightlessness for all
The “budget” option space tourism is a program of suborbital flights, in which the ship goes into orbit, the aircraft goes to higher altitude (about 100 km), which is a while, and then falls down, whereby passengers can enjoy all the delights of weightlessness.
Suborbital flights is the near future of space tourism, says academician of the Russian Academy of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky Alexander Zheleznyakov. According to him, now several companies (Space Adventures, Another day universe and Virgin Galactic – ed.) are developing aircraft with such a dynamics that one can say that in 2014 will begin to be more or less regular flights. Continue reading