The state Museum of the history of cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky (GMIC) was opened in Kaluga on 3 October 1967, Thus he became the world’s first Museum devoted to its exposition about the history of space exploration. For over thirty years in the Museum of systematic work on the collection, preservation, scientific study, historical heritage in the field of history and practice of space research in our country and abroad.
The actual history of the Museum began in 1936 when the first anniversary after the death of the great Russian scientist, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. the founder of theoretical cosmonautics, the Creator of the cosmic philosophy, in his home in Kaluga was opened the memorial Museum in his name. This Museum, which is a real pearl of Russian culture from 1967, became a division of the Museum of the history of cosmonautics. The grave of the great Russian scientist with a monument above it is far from main building GMIC.
The initiative to create the Museum of cosmonautics in Kaluga was owned by the outstanding scientists of our time: Sergei Korolev, A. N. Tupolev, A. A. Blagonravov, I. P. Bardina, L. I. Sedov and others. Continue reading
Planet Earth, the Solar system . and all the stars visible to the naked eye are in the milky Way Galaxy . which is a spiral galaxy with a jumper with two distinct sleeves starting at the ends of the jumper.
This was confirmed in 2005 a space telescope named the Lyman Spitzer, which showed that the centre bar of our galaxy is larger than previously thought. Spiral galaxy barred spiral galaxy barred (“bar”) of bright stars emerging from the center and crossing the galaxy in the middle. Spiral branches in these galaxies begin at the ends of the crosspieces, whereas in normal spiral galaxies, they come directly from the kernel. Observations show that about two thirds of all spiral galaxies have a bar. According to existing hypotheses, the jumpers are centers of star formation, supporting the birth of stars in their centers. It is expected that through orbital resonance, they are passed through a gas of spiral branches. This mechanism provides a flow of building material for the birth of new stars. Milky Way along with the Andromeda galaxy (M31),Triangle (M33), and more than 40 smaller galaxies-satellites, form the Local Group of Galaxies, which, in turn, is part of the Virgo Supercluster. “Using infrared images from NASA Spitzer telescope allowed scientists to discover that the elegant spiral structure of the milky Way has only two prevailing sleeves from the ends of the Central bar of stars. Previously it was thought that our galaxy has four main hoses “. Continue reading
Inessa Kozlovskaya of “Space flight: living in zero gravity”
“Space flight: living in zero gravity”.
Gravity existing on Earth for millions of years, has contributed to the development of all life on Earth organisms and invade their system of life as a factor contributing to their successful functioning in the gravitational field of the Earth. Opening up opportunities to systematically study the impact of eliminating gravity, spaceflight facilitated the accumulation of information and facts that contributed to the development of the theory on the role and place of gravitational mechanisms in the various body systems and the development of a new physiological science — gravitational physiology.The most gravity-dependent system of the body is the propulsion system, in which gravity has played such an important role that today we have the right to determine its evolution as the evolution of the struggle of living organisms with gravity wrestling success ended in mammals the development of a strong skeleton, strong muscular system, management systems movements, and information systems able to ensure the perfection of movement in complex conditions of the gravitational field and its izmeneny. Continue reading