Space flights cause a failure in the immune system of a person
The results of two studies of NASA, recently published in the journal journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research suggest that spaceflight may cause temporary changes in the immune system of crew members who are long time on Board the International Space Station.
Data obtained at an early stage of one of the experiments showed that the distribution of immune cells in the blood of crew members during the flight remained relatively unchanged. However, they found that some cell functions were significantly reduced, while the activity of another cell type, on the contrary, increased. That is, in a sense, the immune system of crew members, it failed.
If the cell activity is suppressed, the immune system cannot adequately react to threats, which can lead to asymptomatic for the virus. If activity is increased, the immune system becomes too sensitive, which can lead to the development of allergic reactions and persistent rashes, as well as reported some of the crew members.
In another study, scientists analyzed blood plasma, measuring the concentration of cytokines – proteins that regulate the immune system. Continue reading
Leaving the Oort cloud, the Earth is approaching comet Catalina, consisting of primordial matter.
Comet C/2013 US10 Catalina has completed journey around the Sun and is now approaching Earth. The comet will fly at a distance of 108 million km from the planet. It can be seen with the naked eye or in binoculars 17 January 2016 in the area of the constellation URSA major, reports Global Science .
The comet opened in October 2013 with the help of automated search system, which was developed under the project called the Catalina Sky Survey, providing a view of the sky.
C/2013 US10 is one of the many comets are in the Oort cloud, located at a distance of 50-100 thousand astronomical units.
Experts believe that the cloud is material left from the formation of the entire Solar system.
The first Catalina circled around the Sun took place at the end of November. Now the comet can be observed in the constellation of Virgo, however, this requires special optics. Continue reading
People were engaged in agriculture in the stone age, 30 – 35 thousand years ago. This is evidenced by the notches on animal bones and rocks, cave paintings. This is, perhaps, the earliest “scientific notes”, in which the authors noted the different phases of the moon and count days and nights.
Monitored by our astronomical instruments, the universe consists by weight of about 76 percent hydrogen and 23 helium. Only slightly more than one percent accounts for all other elements of the periodic table.
It is estimated that the galaxy contains more than a hundred and twenty billion stars and to represent its enormous size, we will give one comparison: if the path from the Sun to Earth light travels in 8 minutes, the diameter of the galaxy it will for a hundred thousand years.
To show the progress made over half a century in the study of the Universe, astronomer Paul Couderc came to a startling comparison. Suppose that all known astronomy to 1900 area of the Universe displayed on the plan area of one square meter. Continue reading