Astronomer Fyodor Bredikhin

Astronomer Fyodor Bredikhin was born in 1831 in the city of Nikolaev in the ancient noble family.

To 14 years Bredikhin was home-schooled – in the estate of her father Colonie near Kherson. Then was sent to boarding school at Richelieu Lyceum in Odessa, and four years later transferred to the Lyceum. However, studying in the lycée he did not like, and in 1851 he transferred to Moscow University physico-mathematical faculty.

Bredikhina was interested in physics, but, obeying the fashion of those years, he intended to follow in the footsteps of his father and uncle, that is certainly to enroll in the naval service or in the artillery. Only in the last year after practical work in the Observatory Bredikhin became interested in astronomy.

In 1862 he defended his master’s thesis “On the tails of comets”. This study as would be anticipated the main direction of its future work in astronomy.

In 1867 Professor Bredikhina was granted planning a business trip. Good knowledge of the language enabled him, while in Italy, to be familiar with the works of the Society of spectroscopy. Many Italian researchers have become his friends, including the famous discoverer of the “canals” of Mars the astronomer Schiaparelli. But the closest Bredikhin converged with outstanding Italian scientist Secchi, in 1860 received the first Photograph of the solar corona, and later formed pervyniojimo the classification of stellar spectra.

In 1876, Fedor Aleksandrovich held a post of Director of the Moscow Observatory. And in 1890, after the resignation of the Director of the Pulkovo Observatory Struve, was appointed its Director. In those years the Pulkovo Observatory was one of the world centers of astronomy. In Pulkovo scientist continued study of comets and meteor showers that started in the Moscow Observatory. In the history of science Bredikhin entered as the Creator of the mechanical theory of comet forms.

Bredikhin was advanced by the Russian scientist, strongly fought against any blind worship inostrannoi. He was opposed to any idealistic currents in science, being in the same row with the great Russian biologist Timirjazeva, the largest Russian physicist Stoletov and other progressive Russian scholars.

The day before his death Bredikhina (died may 1, 1904) in the night sky appeared a bright telescopic comet. In bidding his teacher, Professor Zariski, the successor Bredikhin as Director of the Moscow Observatory, said: “Every time from the unfathomable depths of the starry vault descends the heavenly wanderer, a huge range of people will repeat the name of numbers”.

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